Some simple steps to follow while taking a new wordpress themes

Whenever you install WordPress for someone and include themes for them to choose from, go through the following selection process:

First look at the list of compatible themes here:
Then download the ones you like and upload them to a WordPress site either remotely or locally (with WAMP)

Make sure no plugins are enabled. Then go through selecting theme by theme and validating the (X)HTML and CSS with the links provided above. (Use the FireFox Browser and install the webdeveloper toolbar which has validation buttons)

If or when the validation fails with more than an obvious easily correctable mistake, don’t even bother,  just delete the Theme and move on to the next.

This is not only a great way to avoid problems with your WP site but you’ll get a pretty good overview which Theme authors are good out there and really know what they’re doing. Eventually you keep an eye open for new designs by those authors because you can use their themes without having to do much customization if any.

Really do make sure you have all plugins deactivated during this process because if there’s an error in the code the plugin inserts into your page none of the themes will (seem to) validate.

When you select a plugin, also check if it doesn’t screw-up the validation. If it’s an important plugin for you, try to correct the error and/or contact the maker of the plugin to let him know.

You can also make your own theme, you know. Try it, if your attempt fails you’ll at least gain more respect for the hard work theme developers put into making their themes available for free.

Courtesy :

How to Update WordPress from Old Version to New Version Manually


1: Replace WordPress files
2: Get the latest WordPress zip (or tar.gz) file.
3: Unpack the zip file that you downloaded.
4: Delete the old wp-includes and wp-admin directories on your web host (through your FTP or shell access).
5: Using FTP or your shell access, upload the new wp-includes and wp-admin directories to your web host, overwriting old files.
6: Upload the individual files from the new wp-content folder to your existing wp-content folder, overwriting existing files. Do NOT delete your existing wp-content folder. Do NOT delete any files or folders in your existing wp-content directory (except for the one being overwritten by new files).
7: Upload all new loose files from the root directory of the new version to your existing wordpress root directory.

NOTE – you should replace all the old WordPress files with the new ones in the wp-includes and wp-admin directories and sub-directories, and in the root directory (such as index.php, wp-login.php and so on). Don’t worry – your wp-config.php will be safe.

Be careful when you come to copying the wp-content directory. You should make sure that you only copy the files from inside this directory, rather than replacing your entire wp-content directory. This is where your themes and plugins live, so you will want to keep them. If you have customized the default or classic themes without renaming them, make sure not to overwrite those files, otherwise you will lose your changes. (Though you might want to compare them for new features or fixes..)

Lastly you should take a look at the wp-config-sample.php file, to see if any new settings have been introduced that you might want to add to your own wp-config.php

Courtesy :-